I learned about first conditional sentences in a few days ago. I learned about it in English Live course from English First (EF).
I found the first conditional lesson in the 7-Intermediate level of English Live. I understand what it said in the course, but I still want to know more about the topic. So, to learn more about the first conditional, I looked for other English resources.
And here is the lesson about first conditional sentences that I found out from English Live and other English resources.
I write this article for myself so that I can learn English better, but if you want to learn about first conditional from this article as well, please do it. I hope you enjoy learning here.
Definition of First Conditional
English Language Centres in article “If – How to use the First Conditional” said that the first conditional is a structure that we use when we want to talk about possibilities in the present or the future.
The Structure of the First Conditional
First conditional sentences have two clauses. One clause of “if” clause has the word if + a condition + comma. The second clause or main clause is the result clause. It has a verb in the future with the modal will.
The Example of the First Conditional Sentences
- Hi, Annie. I am on the way. But, if I am late, I’ll call you.
- If we buy an electric car, it will help the environment.
- If the city changes to natural gas, air quality will improve.
- If it rains, I will stay home.
- If it is sunny tomorrow, we will have a picnic.
- If you come to the party, I will be excited.
- If I win the lottery, I will donate it,
- If you study hard, you will pass the exam.
- If we win the game, we will go abroad to celebrate.
- If the weather is good, I will play tennis.
If we put the main clause or the result clause first, then we don’t need the comma.
To make us more understand, let’s have a look at following examples:
- I will call you if I am late.
- Our teacher will be sad if we do not pass the exam.
- Air quality will improve if the city changes to natural gas.
- I will stay home if it rains.
- I will have a picnic if it is sunny tomorrow.
- I will be excited if you come to the party.
- I will donate if I win the lottery.
- You will pass the exam if you study hard.
- We will celebrate if we win the game
- I will play tennis if the weather is good.
I was excited enough because of the simple explanation from English Live and English Language Centres. But, when I found the article that written by Melanie, an English teacher who has a blog englishteachermelanie.com, I would be more excited.
Why? I would be more excited because Melanie wrote the description about first conditional in detail.
After reading Melanie’s explanation, I knew many examples of first conditional sentences and when to use it.
Melanie said that we could use the first conditional sentences when we talk about predictions, superstitions, plans, warnings, and threats.
Here are the detail explanations:
A prediction is a statement you make about what you think will happen in the future.
You can use the first conditional sentence structure to say what you think will occur in a particular situation or when a specific event occurs.
- If you don’t hurry, you’ll be late for work.
- If you stay out in the rain too long, you’ll get sick.
- If you eat too much chocolate cake, you’ll get fat!
Superstition is a belief that an event or situation will bring good luck or bad luck.
- If you break a mirror, you will have seven years of bad luck!
- If you walk under a ladder, you will have bad luck!
- Hi, Jack! If you see money on the ground and pick it up, it will bring you good luck!
You can use the first conditional sentence structure to make plans for the future if an event or situation happens first.
- If you go shopping tomorrow, I’ll go with you.
- If I see Andreansyah later today, I will tell him to call you.
- If you have an extra ticket, I’ll go to the concert with you.
D. Warnings and Threats
A warning is a statement about a possible problem or danger, whereas a threat is a statement that someone will harm you or cause problems for you if you don’t do what they want you to do.
- Slow down! If the police catch you speeding, you’ll get a ticket.
- If you don’t come to my birthday party, I’ll never speak to you again.
- If you say that again, I will hurt you.
Ok, I think the explanation about the first conditional in this article is enough. If you want more information about this topic, you can visit the URL below:
Do you think there is a better description or explanation about the first conditional than what Melanie wrote on her website? Please let me know the information by writing it in the comments field.